Category Archives: Productivity

Defeating the Procrastination Monster – Part 5

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Framework 4: Kill Burnout, Low Mojo, and Over-Productivity with Purposefully Pointless Play

====5-PART SERIES=====
Introduction: The Things You Care About Doing But Haven’t Gotten Around To…
Framework 1: Tackle Big Dreams, Eliminate Overwhelm, and Prevent Disappointment with Bottom-Up Goals and the MIT System
Framework 2: Eliminate Distractions with a Flow-Friendly Schedule
Framework 3: Knock Out Tasks That Are Difficult to Start by Following the 15 Minute Rule
Framework 4: Kill Burnout, Low Mojo, and Over-Productivity with Purposefully Pointless Play
=====================

Have you ever said to yourself, “I can’t go out tonight because I have lots of work to do”?

After all, things are going great and you have to keep up with the pace or risk becoming overwhelmed by the increasing mound of work left to do!

Instead of caving into your friend’s invitation to try out a cooking class or go for a hike in the mountains over the weekend, you chose to do the “right” thing by working.

Go, you!

The weeks and months pass…all of a sudden 3 years whiz by and you don’t remember the last time you had gone out for a *truly* fun time.

“But I DO have fun!”

Okay, let’s do a quick gut check to figure out if you’re actually having fun.

Two questions:

  1. Do you spend your “free time” meeting “cool, interesting people” at work-related mixers and happy hour events…so you can be productive and network with people who could help your business “while enjoying yourself” at the same time?
  2. Do you pick up a new hobby or sport and start competing in it so you can “at least make my fun time productive”?

If you said yes to either of these, here’s the verdict: Real fun is neither of these…at least not the kind of fun that will actually help you be more productive than you already are.

“How can I be more productive? I’m already maxed out!”

That’s exactly the problem, and the thing that is making you head towards burnout, if not already suffer from it.

When I say “burnout”, I mean the day we wake up and, instead of getting started with work as usual, we hole up in bed at home, turn on Netflix, and eat a bag of popcorn, 3 packets of ramen noodles, and 5 bags of chips…in one sitting.

Then we go and yell at our partner/spouse/mother/father/dog and take the frustration out on them.

After that, we sleep and sleep. When we wake up again, we still don’t want to work. And we sleep more. And eat more.

And don’t get out of the house until we’ve watched all seasons of Game of Thrones.

When we aren’t completely crashing and burning, we wonder why our inner critic never shuts up.

We feel drained, and our formerly sky-high motivation is shot. When Monday morning rolls around, we’re dreading work, even though we’re already working on the most personally important project, ever. What more is there to life?!

Maybe it’s the wrong project and it’s not our calling after all. Maybe we need to learn to delegate more. Or maybe…

We don’t actually let real fun into our lives and, as a result, unwittingly sabotaging our own productivity.

Contrary to popular belief, people with purposefully pointless play time can do just as much AND reduce their risk of cycling between the high of hyper-productivity and the low of burn out.

Case in point: An entrepreneur named Ryan Carson runs a startup with 4.75 million dollars of venture capital funding, 45 employees, and profitability…while implementing a 4-day work week for himself and all employees in the company.

With time for play, you end up doing more than you would have if your were to press on the gas every day of the week.

Putting Principles to Practice

If you are in the habit of doing nothing but work–>eat–>sleep–>repeat, nothing short of burnout will convince you to change.

That’s okay. People who do nothing but work are so emotionally attached to their work that they can’t imagine not working — it’s almost painful to not work.

If that is you, just continue whatever you’re doing until the inevitable burnout happens. It might take a while, but the longer it takes, the more it will hit close to home that a change might make sense.

The point is, not everyone reading this is ready to make a change *right now* to their work habits. If that’s the case for you, pull this email back up when you’re ready :)

1. Schedule a weekly play day. Keep everything in your routine except have one day out of the week for time off. What day is that going to be? Saturday? Sunday? Wednesday? Set it and put it in your calendar. Make sure to let your staff, if you have any, know you’ll be unreachable for that day.

Make an appointment for a spa, salon, or trip with a friend to make it more concrete if necessary. Outside of that one appointment, don’t fill the day with activities to do in advance.

2. Allow play to happen by being present. Play is like sex. You need to be completely in the present in order for you to reap its benefits. Otherwise, you will miss the point.

Being present means not checking email or phone, not bringing your laptop with you “just in case”, not having any meetings or going to any social events remotely related to work….even if you do enjoy meeting people in your industry. Also, if you have a go-to “free time” activity that has a competitive element to it (e.g. competitive sports), don’t engage in that activity for your play day.

When the day comes, try to tune in with whatever is going on in your town that day. Have you always wanted to learn to cook better? Go wine tasting? What about an adult class for painting or tumbling?

3. Cultivate your taste for play. This one might take a while.

My productivity coach had to *force* me to take a day off for play for the first few weeks. When I did take my first day off in years, I felt like a lost child in a huge city.

“What should I do with myself now?”

“What can I do for fun if there isn’t a performance metric to measure my progress?

“Pointless things aren’t fun!”

I had lost touch with play. So I committed to some random activities that weekend, with no expectations. Scuba diving trip. Surfing lessons. A motorbike ride to the beach with friends. A couple months later, I know what I want to do for fun every week.

It might take several weeks or months of weekly practice of purposefully pointless play for you to really know what you personally find to be fun. And that’s okay!

4. [Optional Bonus] Schedule daily fun. After a while, you’ll notice you can actually get as much done while taking an entire day off for pointless play. You’ll start seeing how there are opportunities for play everyday. You’ll also see how almost anything can be fun (even washing the dishes and waiting in line at the grocery store).

If you used to say “no” to fun activities, you might feel it is now okay to say “yes”, because you know you can fit pointless play into your life while getting everything done. You find that you are more motivated to do your work, and to do it well. You will be working hard and playing hard, and not in the conventional sense of “getting smashed” on nights and weekends.

At that point, you are engaging in pointless play everyday…on purpose…to become the more productive than ever.

Resources

Are there actually “resources” for play? Play is everywhere, and can be found by being present and looking around you. To be “present”, consider the following…

The Power of Now by Eckhart Tolle: Ever since this book hit the NYT bestseller list, I dismissed it from the title and for its mainstream popularity, resolving never to read a book so “full of new agey bullsh*t”, as I liked to call it. Upon the urgings of a rather practical and non-”woowoo” friend, I finally read it out of curiosity, and was grateful for it. If you’ve never understood what it felt to be truly “present”, or why it’s even important in the first place, this book explains it better than even meditation or yoga. You don’t have to be “spiritual” to benefit from this.

Get Starting

What is one thing you can do to fit play into your schedule this week?

Defeating the Procrastination Monster – Part 4

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Framework 3: Knock Out Tasks That Are Difficult to Start by Following the 15 Minute Rule

====5-PART SERIES=====
Introduction: The Things You Care About Doing But Haven’t Gotten Around To…
Framework 1: Tackle Big Dreams, Eliminate Overwhelm, and Prevent Disappointment with Bottom-Up Goals and the MIT System
Framework 2: Eliminate Distractions with a Flow-Friendly Schedule
Framework 3: Knock Out Tasks That Are Difficult to Start by Following the 15 Minute Rule
Framework 4: Kill Burnout, Low Mojo, and Over-Productivity with Purposefully Pointless Play
=====================

Imagine being able to put any habit “on tap” — at your disposal at any moment. A habit like going to the gym, writing, or reading. The problem is…sometimes the habit we most want to adopt is particularly difficult or unpleasant for us and we tend to put it off forever.

The solution is deceptively simple: the 15 minute rule.

For difficult or unpleasant habits, start with doing it 15 minutes per day. Nothing more, nothing less.

It might sound too simple to make a significant impact, but there’s actually something amazing about doing a difficult task for 15 minutes that has not happened with doing it for, say, 5 minutes, 30 minutes, or 60 minutes.

I’ll present 2 case studies to illustrate this idea.

15 Minute Magic Case Study #1: Running

Back before I became a competitive triathlete and the kind of person who would say “HELL YES!” to virtually any physical challenge, I was the kid in my physical education class who would always finish last in the timed 1-mile run.

One particularly embarrassing instance was when I fainted during a short, 400 meter warm-up jog in class. The teacher sent me to the principal’s office so I could be picked up by my dad and go home.

Since that day, I resolved to overcome the poor hand I was dealt in the genetic lottery and become good at running long distances.

It all started with a simple promise to myself, by recommendation by a mentor. He said, “All you have to do is run 15 minutes a day. Do that everyday.”

So I did. Every day after school the first thing I would do before homework and dinner was lace up my running shoes and jog for 15 minutes. I would run to my friend’s house, situated on the other end of our street, then back home, and that would be almost exactly 15 minutes.

The results of this simple routine were beyond the wildest of my imaginations:

  • 1 month later….went from no involvement in school sports to joining the high school track team. Unfortunately, I was the slowest runner on the team :(
  • 2 years later….made top 10 on the women’s team on a team of 100+. Cut my 1-mile time in half (12:35 minutes to 6:16 minutes).
  • 4 years later….finished an Ironman Triathlon, a long and grueling endurance event (2.4 mile swim, 112 mile bike, 26.2 mile run) typically attempted between ages 35 and 45. I was 18, the youngest finisher that year at the event, as it turned out.

….and it all started from a promise to run 15 minutes a day.

15 Minute Magic Case Study #2: Writing

Back before writing several books on various topics, I was considering writing my first book. It would be on a topic I knew well, but I couldn’t get myself to make any progress on the writing.

I tried so many different tactics to get myself to write that I almost gave up.

First, I put “write book” on my calendar, on the weekend. I never got started.

Applying the common advice of “Break your goal down to smaller pieces!”, I put “write 500 words for book”, and “write chapter outline of book”. I still couldn’t get myself to write.

Maybe “time boxing” would work? I scheduled huge chunks of time, between 3-5 hours long, on the weekends so I could finally tackle it…when I had the time. Failed again!

Maybe a “process-oriented” goal would be better than an “outcome-oriented goal”? I switched to thinking about writing in terms of time spent (process) instead of word counts, blog posts, chapters, or any other deliverables (outcomes). It worked after tweaking the target writing time.

“Write for 1 hour per day” didn’t work (I would never get started).

I dialed it down to “30 minutes per day”. That worked for a while (I would write 30 min on some days, but not others).

Finally, I swallowed my ego and set the bar low. Pitifully low. “Write for 15 minutes a day”.

Lo and behold, I managed to actually write for 15 minutes a day for 21 days in a row.

As a result of that promise to myself, I developed a new, better reality that I couldn’t have possibly imagined beforehand…

  • 6 months later…wrote a book the size of the third Harry Potter book, in 8 weeks.
  • 1 year later, transitioned professionally from programming to a role that is almost exclusively spent writing all day, and oversaw the writing and editing of 3 books.
  • 2 years later, started and finished another book within a period of 3 months.

Now, I sometimes have to limit myself from spending too much time writing! Writing is now on tap, on demand.

Putting Principles to Practice

  1. Choose an important task that has been difficult to start and repeatedly put off (e.g. going to the gym, answering high-priority emails, learning to code, make sales calls for your business, writing, shooting videos or podcasts)

  2. Schedule time everyday to do your task for 15 minutes. For best results, make the task (a) at the same time everyday, and (b) tied to an existing daily routine (e.g. upon waking up, during commute, after lunch, before bed)

Resources

Superhuman by Habit by Tynan Smith. Quick tip: Skip the first half and read the 2nd half of the book to learn which habits to apply and how to implement it in your life.

Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg. A great book on the theory behind habits. Not the most actionable book but gives insight into the under-the-hood workings of habits, and what goes into making a sustainable habit.

21habit. Research shows it takes 21 days to build a solid habit. Use this website to stay on track with your new habits.

750words. For those who want to build a writing habit, this is an addictive way to do it. 750words is a private online journal that allows you to analyze your thoughts using natural language processing algorithms that determine things about your mindset (e.g. introverted or extraverted, positive or negative, happy or anxious). But, the best part for most people is seeing a long string of marked days that you successfully wrote. Seriously addictive.

Question for you

What is just ONE habit you could build that would be a game-changer for you?

Defeating the Procrastination Monster – Part 3

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Framework 2: Eliminate Distractions with a Flow-Friendly Schedule

====5-PART SERIES=====
Introduction: The Things You Care About Doing But Haven’t Gotten Around To…
Framework 1: Tackle Big Dreams, Eliminate Overwhelm, and Prevent Disappointment with Bottom-Up Goals and the MIT System
Framework 2: Eliminate Distractions with a Flow-Friendly Schedule
Framework 3: Knock Out Tasks That Are Difficult to Start by Following the 15 Minute Rule
Framework 4: Kill Burnout, Low Mojo, and Over-Productivity with Purposefully Pointless Play
=====================

Have you ever had a day when you reached a state of “flow” where everything is easy and you seem to be making a lot of progress on your work? And then you were disappointed that you couldn’t always replicate that same feeling for a long time?

What if you could have it all the time?

You can increase the chances of having a day with good flow by dividing your time into two different buckets: Flow, and No-Flow.

Flow Tasks
Imagine sitting down to do something that requires deep thought and concentration. Then imagine that every 30 minutes, you are interrupted by a phone call, a request for a meeting by your team, or a newborn erupting loudly into tears. By the time you get back to your creative work, it feels like you are back at Square 1 and need another 20 or 30 minutes (or more) just to get back into the flow of where you were before. Given a chunk of, say, 90 minutes, you might make very little progress in the first hour, then get into a “flow” state and make most of your progress in the following 30 minutes.

No-Flow Tasks
Meanwhile, meetings and emails are different. You can have 5 meetings lined up in a row, and as long as you have time to get from one meeting to another, the prep time before you are in the right mindset to be having the next meeting is almost zero. Same with emails. You can just bang them out one by one.

Conflicts in Flow
You may find that some aspects of your work, like writing, drawing, web design, or coding don’t follow a linear path of progress in the same way meetings and emails do. The two types of tasks adhere to completely different schedules that will always conflict with each other if you try to switch too often between the two.

Putting Principles to Practice

To combat this inherent conflict in the differing nature of Flow tasks and No-Flow tasks, we are advised to dedicate special time for Flow work, and reserve other time for No-Flow tasks, on a daily and/or weekly basis.

Sample Morning Schedule: If you are most creative and productive in the morning, schedule Flow work early in the day (e.g. 8am-12pm), and schedule your No-Flow tasks (e.g. meetings, emails, and errands) to afternoons and evenings (e.g. 1pm-6pm).

Sample Evening Schedule: Likewise, if you are night owl who is more creative and productive in the evenings, schedule No-Flow tasks for the daytime (e.g. 1pm-6pm), and Flow tasks for the evenings (e.g. 8pm-12am midnight).

Sample Flow-Friendly Weeks:

  • Mon-Wed = Flow tasks
  • Thu-Fri = No-Flow tasks (e.g. meetings and errands)

Or…

  • Mon/Wed/Fri = Flow
  • Tue/Thu = No-Flow

One important thing to note about having a Flow-friendly schedule is that the most productive professionals in their field can reportedly only work up to 4 hours in Flow per day….and that’s after having mastered their craft and creative energies through several years of practice!

In the beginning, if you only do 1 hour of Flow tasks per day (or even just 15 minutes, which was what I had to do in the beginning), consider it a win, because it is! Over time, you can work on expanding Flow time to be longer, but don’t be surprised or disappointed if you can only manage a little bit of Flow time in the beginning.

Resources

Paul Graham’s Maker’s Schedule, Manager’s Schedule: Similar concept as Flow versus No-Flow tasks, in “techie”-oriented language. “Maker” = “Flow” and “Manager” = “No-Flow”.

Get A Head Start With This Exercise

Have you ever achieved a state of “flow”?

If so…

What time of day was it?
Where were you when it happened?
What other factors do you think contributed to being in flow?

Defeating the Procrastination Monster – Part 2

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Framework 1: Tackle Big Dreams, Eliminate Overwhelm, and Prevent Disappointment with Bottom-Up Goals and the MIT System

====5-PART SERIES=====
Introduction: The Things You Care About Doing But Haven’t Gotten Around To…
Framework 1: Tackle Big Dreams, Eliminate Overwhelm, and Prevent Disappointment with Bottom-Up Goals and the MIT System
Framework 2: Eliminate Distractions with a Flow-Friendly Schedule
Framework 3: Knock Out Tasks That Are Difficult to Start by Following the 15 Minute Rule
Framework 4: Kill Burnout, Low Mojo, and Over-Productivity with Purposefully Pointless Play
=====================

For those of you who are familiar with goal setting and other productivity systems out there…have you noticed this?

Most experts recommend setting goals in this order:

YEAR –> MONTH –> WEEK –> DAY

After several years of following this goal-setting recommendation, I found this top-down approach worked really well in some areas, but were completely ineffective for other areas of my life.

I thought, “Why is that?” This is what I learned…

Top-down planning works amazingly well when the goal involves accomplishing familiar tasks or activities.

For example, someone who has run 3 half-marathons in the past 12 months can do a reasonable job of planning for an upcoming marathon, and actually manage to realistically complete all the training required. However…

Top-down planning doesn’t work for goals involving unfamiliar tasks or activities, or if desired outcomes are out of your control.

For example, if you are starting a business or getting in shape for the first time, it is difficult to predict things like:

  • When you will be able to reach certain milestones
  • How well you will do in consistently taking the actions required to reach desired outcomes, and
  • What you will be doing with your time (in some cases)

In the case of starting a business, you have no idea if you can persuade X number of customers buy your product, get accepted into that exclusive business program, nor ensure that your contractors will actually deliver on time.

In the case of getting into shape for the first time, it would be difficult to predict how long it would take for you to go from couch potato to having a consistent gym routine, whether you will actually lose 10 pounds in 4 weeks and keep it off using that new diet, nor the length of time required to train for that marathon you signed up on a whim.

These are all outcomes that involve factors outside your control. As humans, we are usually terrible at predicting even our own behaviors, let alone the behaviors of other people. In cases like these, the unpredictable external factors make top-down planning difficult and essentially pointless.

It’s a shot in the dark. Because of this, I’ve seen quite positive results with bottom-up goal setting.

Bottom up goal setting involves setting only short term goals in the beginning. Once there are predictable outcomes from the short term efforts, longer term goals can be set based on these outcomes.

For example, if the goal is to get into shape to run long distances, the first short term goal might be “run as long as possible without stopping”. After the first day, you find that were able to run for 20 minutes without stopping.

Then, the next short term goal is “run 20 minutes every day for 7 days straight”. You may find that your body can’t handle that yet and your legs get too sore to keep up the routine for more than 3 days in a row.

As a result, you might update the goal to “run 20 minutes on Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays”. You successfully manage that routine for 4 weeks in a row.

After a while, the goal might turn into “run 30 minutes on Mon/Wed/Fri/Sat” or “run 30 minutes on Mon/Wed/Fri and run 60 minutes on Saturdays”. After several months, the goal could turn into “follow the 16-week marathon training plan”.

Putting Principles to Practice

To take advantage of bottom-up goal setting, I recommend using the 3 MITs System. MIT stands for “Most Important Task”.

Ask yourself at the beginning of each day:

“What are 3 critical tasks that, when done, will make this a successful day?”

Once you get a sense of what you can and cannot accomplish in one day, ask yourself at the beginning of each week:

“What are 3 (larger) tasks, that when done, will make this a successful week?”

In general, it is recommended to set 3 MITs per week, and 3 MITs per day that break down from the weekly MITs. One or two tasks could be too easy and places undue pressure on each task to be “the most important”, while 4 or more tasks tend to become overwhelming.

For best results, each MIT includes 3 qualities:

  1. Specific. What makes a task “specific” enough? Two metrics I like are: First, there is no doubt about whether the task is completed or not, to both you and any person who is unfamiliar with your work. Second, the task includes requirements that fully capture the intention or “spirit” behind the task. For example, “go to the gym” and “write blog post” are too vague, because “go to the gym” means you could technically make it a success by just walking into the gym and walking right out without exercising (exercise being the intention of the task). Meanwhile, “write blog post” doesn’t specify qualities that would make a satisfactory blog post (e.g. How long is it? What is the post about?). Appropriately specific versions of these tasks might be “go to gym and walk/run on treadmill for at least 30 minutes” and “write 1000 words of first draft for blog post about productivity frameworks”.

  2. Process Oriented (not Outcome Oriented). Only set goals for taking action on things you can control. Process is something within one’s control, while outcomes are not. For example, if you are trying to lose weight, you cannot control the weight on the scale, but you can control factors like the amount of sugar consumed everyday and frequency of exercise. If you run a business and want to increase sales, you cannot control the number of sales made because they depend on the customer’s decision to buy. However, it is within your control to call 10 new potential customers per day. Over time, you will gain a sense of the outcomes created per unit of your efforts (e.g. every 10 calls –> 1 sale, >50g of sugar per day –> lose 1 pound of fat per month), and can adjust your process to get the desired outcomes.

  3. Accountable to Deadlines. Inherent in the MIT system is the deadline of “by the end of today” or “by the end of this week”. To hold yourself accountable to your MITs, there needs to be a 100% rock solid system of either daily or weekly check-ins, especially in the beginning. While sometimes it is recommended to tell a friend about your goals or to share them on a public platform like Facebook, I’ve found the “social accountability” method to be too unreliable to be effective. The more sustainably effective method is to invest, if you can afford ~$100-150/month, in a productivity coach to help you brainstorm and commit to new MITs every week and check in later on your performance in the previous week. I accomplished more with my productivity coach in the first 5 months of working with him than I had done in the previous 12 months, and still invest in a coach today.

Resources

Brian Tracy’s “Eat That Frog”, the origin of the daily MITs concept.

Leo Babauta on Zen Habits about how to use MITs if you still have a day job.

Asian Efficiency’s recommended action plan for implementing MITs.

Now that you’ve read that…

How do you usually set goals? What has worked for you? What hasn’t worked?

Defeating the Procrastination Monster – Part 1

By | Productivity | No Comments

Introduction: The Things You Care About Doing But Haven’t Gotten Around To…

====5-PART SERIES=====
Introduction: The Things You Care About Doing But Haven’t Gotten Around To…
Framework 1: Tackle Big Dreams, Eliminate Overwhelm, and Prevent Disappointment with Bottom-Up Goals and the MIT System
Framework 2: Eliminate Distractions with a Flow-Friendly Schedule
Framework 3: Knock Out Tasks That Are Difficult to Start by Following the 15 Minute Rule
Framework 4: Kill Burnout, Low Mojo, and Over-Productivity with Purposefully Pointless Play
=====================

Do you have work or goals that you care about, are passionate about, and want to do…but can’t get yourself to start?

Most of us have set goals or made to-do lists at one point or other. There is something frustrating about these goals, though.

There is at least one goal that never gets accomplished. The one that is really important but doesn’t see any progress, and you keep bumping it from month to month, year to year.

That was my problem a few years ago. It came as a surprise. At university, I experienced one of the most productive phases in my life. Upon retrospect, it was due to a combination of being good at following directions, the external structure from assignments, tests, and grades in school, and the watchful eyes of bosses at work.

It was only after leaving university that I realized how unproductive I was when left to my own devices, after opting out of the traditional career path of college → job → better job → retirement. For the first time, I had the freedom to do work that I was *passionate* about, and *wanted* to do…and still failed to get anything done.

Every morning I would wake up, open my laptop, pump myself up with my life goals, and resolve to do my work. 8 hours later, I was no closer to finishing than I was in the morning.

Has this ever happened to you?

Over the course of 3 years, I experimented with ways to stay motivated and on track with my goals…without using external pressure from a manager, team, customers, or friends and family. I tried everything from quitting Facebook and other time sinks, to analyzing my habits, tracking everything I did with my time 24/7, the Getting Things Done system, anti-distraction tools like RescueTime, working in focused sprints with Pomodoros, reading blogs like Zen Habits, tracking daily and weekly tasks on a spreadsheet, and even breaking down the concept of “productivity” into a mathematical formula.

Obviously, none of these methods would make anyone go from lazy bum to productive superhero overnight. That said, I managed to accomplish several professional and personal goals in the last 3 months:

Write a book from scratch, totaling 20,000 words.

Develop and give 3 public speaking presentations.

Learn to surf from scratch to an intermediate level (riding 3-5 foot green waves).

Read 7 non-fiction books from start to finish.

Maintain an active social life (3-5 events per week).

Hard for some to believe, these were done during a retreat to the tropics of Bali (where I met some of you!), among free spirited yogis, laid-back surfers, Australian backpackers “on holiday”, and many other distractions abound. In this environment, I could have easily fallen into a pattern of going to yoga, dances, drinks, and other activities for my entire stay. However, with productivity techniques in place, I managed to do more than ever.

Although there are no silver bullets for productivity, the following series of emails you will be receiving in the next few weeks will include the most impactful frameworks for my productivity and overall happiness.

These frameworks are especially relevant for people who are working on their own projects and need to keep themselves motivated in the long term before they get customers, readers, fans, investors, team members, or other natural sources of accountability.

So to start, I’m curious…

What would you do with your time if you didn’t procrastinate, ever?